I. Industrial & Farm Production
B. Rationing goods to consumers reached major levels as goods became scarce--gasoline, butter, rubber, shoes, sugar, and meat were rationed.
C. Labor groups made no-strike pledges, but some wildcat strikes
broke out, particularly among miners.
2) Except for brief work stoppages, American workers chose not
to strike (less than 1% of working time during the war was lost, a record
better than England's).
E. Industries switched to war production very quickly. One ship
was completed by Henry Kaiser's workers in five days.
B. Women (characterized as "Rosie the Riveter") took many jobs in heavy industry, such as shipbuilding and aircraft production.
C. Popular opinion opposed women working and some private contractors
refused to hire women.
2. Between 1941 and 1945, 6.5 million women entered the work force, a 57% increase.
2. Commercial movies wre blatantly patriotic and emphasized the
Òmelting potÓ nature of American forces.
2. Nazi stupidity became a common stereotype, as viewers were encouraged to laugh at Hitler and his followers.
3. Japanese were portrayed as subhuman, partly in response to atrocities committed by the Japanese and partly because of race hatred.
2. In the 1944 Korematsu decision, the Supreme Court upheld the relocation on the grounds of military necessity.
3. Despite this treatment, 18,000 Nisei volunteered for military
2. Repudiation of Nazi racism by the U.S. strengthened civil rights efforts
3. African-Americans were not allowed to serve in integrated units.
2. Zoot Suit Riots broke out in Los Angeles in 1943 as servicemen beat Mexican-Americans for four days.