The Emancipation Proclamation
A family of slaves on a Southern plantation
(Source: Wikimedia Commons--public domain)
The Emancipation Proclamation which went into effect on January 1, 1863
(A) was passed by a joint resolution of Congress
(B) caused European liberals to align more closely with the Confederacy
(C) helped change the purpose of the war from preserving the Union to ending slavery
(D) had no impact on the slaves who sought to escape when Northern soldiers were nearby
(E) freed all of the slaves in the border states
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