United States History
Question of the Day

Affirmative Action


Test score differences have led some to
demand affirmative action in college admissions
(Source: ACT)

Question 1314163

In both the Bakke (1978) and the Michigan (2003) affirmative action cases, the Supreme Court ruled that

A) quota systems for ethnic minorities are legal in university admissions
B) race can be one of the factors considered for admission to universities
C) race should not be a factor in hiring decisions for university professors
D) private colleges are not bound by affirmative action guidelines
E) the 14th Amendment has no relevance in affirmative action decisions

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