United States History Question of the Day
Answer and Explanation


Woodrow Wilson reading the League of Nations
draft covenant, April 1919

Image Source: Wikimedia Commons (public domain)
Question 1042:

Question 1042:

Which of the following was not one of the problems facing President Wilson as he tried to gain approval for U.S. entry into the League of Nations?

    (A)    his own declining health
    (B)    senators who opposed any American membership in the League
    (C)    Article X, which required troops to be placed under League of Nations command, thus surrendering sovereignty
    (D)    fear of the Bolshevik government in the newly formed Soviet Union
    (E)     the opposition of Republican Senator Henry Cabot Lodge

Answer:
 
    (D)    fear of the Bolshevik government in the newly formed Soviet Union
Explanation:

Wilson, convinced that the League of Nations would prevent future wars when he left for the U.S. following the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, was stunned by the opposition to the League in the U.S. Senate. Convinced that Americans would rally to his position, he traveled the country by train, only to suffer a stroke. Wilson's main difficulties came from a group of senators called the Irreconcilables, who opposed any U.S. involvement in an international league. In fact, a group of American soldiers were sent to northern Russia in an attempt to build support for a non-communist force to oppose the new Soviet government. The forces were withdrawn in 1919.
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