United States History
Question of the Day
Answer & Explanation
Nuremberg defendants were forced to answer for Holocaust crimes
(Image Source: Wikimedia Commons--public domain)
The Nuremberg Tribunals following World War 2
(A) resulted in the execution of hundreds of former Nazi leaders
(B) were conducted by German jurists to avoid the charge of "victor's justice"
(C) did not include any film footage evidence of Holocaust atrocities
(D) convicted political, but not military leaders for wartime activities
(E) established the legal precedent of trying individuals for crimes against humanity
Explanation: The Nuremberg Tribunals established a new form of international law in which both political and military wartime actions could be judged by an international tribunal. The winners of World War 2 (U.S., Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union) conducted the trials, which included film footage of concentration camp atrocities to build the case against the defendants. The trials resulted in the hanging of eleven of those sentenced to death, with the remainder receiving prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life.