United States History Question of the Day
Answer and Explanation


   Watergate

 Sam Ervin chaired the
Senate Watergate hearings
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons (Public Domain)
Question 0110426:

In the Watergate scandal which dominated American political life from 1972 to 1974,

(A) Richard Nixon was impeached by the House of Representatives
(B) in an emotional televised address, Nixon admitted to lying and apologized to the American people
(C) during questioning in a Senate Committee hearing, a secret White House taping system was revealed
(D) President Nixon consistently supported the efforts of Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox
(E) no Cabinet members were convicted of crimes


Answer: 

(C) during questioning in a Senate Committee hearing, a secret White House taping system was revealed

Explanation:  The secret taping system that was described by Alexander Butterfield during a Senate hearing led to requests for transcripts of White House conversations concerning Watergate.  Nixon became the first president to resign from office prior to a House vote of impeachment. He ordered Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox to be fired, causing his Attorney General Elliot Richardson to resign in protest. Nixon appointee John Mitchell was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury, served 19 months in prison and became the first Attorney General convicted of a crime. Nixon never apologized for his actions.
 
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